$10.00
Information
Designer
Publisher
Year Published
1881
# of Players
4
User Suggested # of Players
Best with 4 players
Recommended with 2, 4 players
(7 voters) [poll]
Mfg Suggested Ages
8 and up
Playing Time
45 minutes
User Suggested Ages
6 and up
(3 voters) [poll]
Language Dependence
No necessary in-game text
(3 voters) [poll]
Subdomain
(11 voters) [vote]
Category
Mechanic
Family
Primary Name
4 Player Chess
Alternate Names
4-way Chess
4Chess
Chess4
Four-handed Chess
Fouray
QuadraChess
Star chess
Team Chess
Vendetta
Website
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Website
 
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ObjectID: 2173
Description Edit | History

Four-Player Chess (Four-handed chess, Chess-4, and 4-Chess) is often credited to Capt Charles Verney, who was the first known to have documented the game in England in 1881. Four-player versions of chess probably have existed for hundreds of years prior to Verney in one form or another. Verney's four-player board consists of three rows added to each side of a standard 2-player board, and four complete sets of chessmen in four different colors. Modern four-player boards and colored pieces are available from several manufacturers.

In Verney's version (1881), 4 player chess was a partnership game, and the object was to checkmate both opposing partners at the same time. In modern variants, four player games can range from partners, to cutthroat (every player for himself), to temporary alliances at will.

Starting configuration affects fairness (bias). The standard 2-player configuration of queen facing queen is biased in four player chess because there is only one axis of symmetry. Four player chess requires two axes of symmetry to be fair (unbiased). To avoid bias, Verney recommended a staring configuration of all queens on light (or all on dark) squares. Another unbiased starting configuration is all queens on the right (or all on the left) of the king.

For the most part, four player chess follows (or can follow) all the normal rules of two-player chess. Verney had special rules for partnership playing, disallowed castling, and pawns had to make it to the enemies last rank in order to be exchanged for another piece. Pawns could also march up and back down the board. Verney also had checkmate as the ultimate move.

In modern variations of four-player chess, partnering may not be required, but allowable, castling can be allowed, and actual capturing of a king a required move to eliminate a player. The Chess Federation does not recognize four-player chess in any form, and there are no official rules, so players are free to experiment with variations and make their own rules.

See also:

Bughouse Chess
Vendetta

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More Information Edit | History

Online Play

Microbadges

Black / White / Colors:
mb Black Rook Player
mb White Rook Player
mb Dark Horse Fan
mb Chess Knight / Gotta love those horses

no background:
mb Chess Fan - The Pawn
mb Chess Fan - The Bishop
mb Chess Fan - The Queen
mb I am a King at Chess
mb Chess Fan - The Rook
mb Chess Fan - the Knight

with white background:
mb Chess Player
mb Chess Player
mb Chess Player
mb Chess Player
mb Chess Player
mb Chess Player

other chess badges:
mb Knightmare Chess Fan
mb Chess Variant Fan
mb Chessex Fan
mb Chess collector

Versions
Sort: Nickname | Year Published
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Pg. 1
4Chess
Nick: 
Masteray edition
Publisher: Masteray
Artist: 
Year: 2006
Size: Long Rectangle (e.g. Power Grid)
English, French
Release Date:  
View
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Link Image
4-way Chess
Nick: 
Taurus Games vinyl roll-up edition
Publisher: Taurus Games (II)
Artist: 
Year: 2004
Size:  
English
Release Date:  
View
Corrections
Link Image
4 Player Chess
Nick: 
Chessapeak Porta-Challenge edition
Publisher: Chessapeak Games
Artist: 
Year: 1993
Size: 7.48 x 5.91 x 1.97 inches
English
Release Date:  
View
Corrections
Link Image
Chess4
Nick: 
WOW Toys gray box edition
Publisher: WOW Toys, Inc.
Artist: 
Year: 1980
Size: Medium Square (e.g. Ticket to Ride)
English
Release Date:  
View
Corrections
Link Image
Vendetta
Nick: 
First Edition
Publisher: (Unknown)
Artist: 
Size:  
English, German
Release Date:  
View
Corrections
Link Image
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Files
Title | Hot | Recent
[Browse »]  [Upload File »] Language:
Pg. 1 of 1
2 kingdom.zip
Chess Kingdom Font
2005-06-10
1 4-Player Chess Rules.doc
Rules for historic 4-player chess variant. Uses Chess Kingdom font for examples of play.
2005-04-21
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Statistics
Board Game Rank: 5152
Abstract Game Rank: 524
Num Ratings: 256
Average Rating: 6.00
Standard Deviation: 1.72
Num Views: 69902
GeekBuddy Analysis: Analyze
Similarly Rated: View
Avg. Game Weight: 2.8
Fans: 8
Personal Comments: 120
Users Owning: 467
Users Wanting: 5
Users Trading: 35 [find trade matches]
Has Parts For Trade: 0
Want Parts In Trade: 2
Price History: View
Total Plays: 114
Plays This Month: 0
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