$10.00
Information
Designer
Publisher
Year Published
1906
# of Players
2 − 6
User Suggested # of Players
Best with 4 players
Recommended with 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 players
(3 voters) [poll]
Mfg Suggested Ages
8 and up
Playing Time
30 minutes
User Suggested Ages
8 and up
(1 voter) [poll]
Language Dependence
Some necessary text - easily memorized or small crib sheet
(2 voters) [poll]
Subdomain
(2 voters) [vote]
Category
Mechanic
Reimplemented By
Primary Name
Touring
Alternate Names
Road Trip
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ObjectID: 2253
Description Edit | History

Touring is a card game which has the theme of an automobile trip. The object is to be the first player to complete a particular set of mileage cards. In all versions of the game you need 16 mileage cards to win. From lowest to highest the required card counts are 8, 4, 2 AND 2. Other players will try to slow you down by playing cards against you which cause you to loose mileage cards, or to play "problem" cards for which you must fix by playing a corresponding "remedy" card.

The game can be played in partnership for the 4- and 6-player versions, with each partnership playing as a single driver.

Touring was originally published in 1906 by the Touring Card Company, then sold by Wallie Dorr, and then later picked up by Parker Brothers in 1924. Winning Moves Games currently (2015) holds trademark for and publishes Touring. If the mechanics sound familiar, it is the inspiration for the game Mille Bornes, which has since replaced it.

As driving technology improved, mileage and card names became outdated, thus replaced with longer distaances. There are multiple sets of rules reflecting these changes. The final edition added some card categories.

The action card types are different between Touring and Mille Bornes. For example, Mille Bornes adds the "protective" cards, e.g. Emergency Vehicle which allows you to ignore speed limits. Thus in Mille Bornes a player has more decisions to make.

See also:

  • The Lindy Flying Game - A 1927 Nucraft Toys version of Touring based on Charles Lindbergh's flight across the Atlantic.
  • Lindy, the New Flying Game - 1927 Parker Brothers sequel where Touring card play has been themed on Charles Lindbergh's flight across the Atlantic.
  • Mille Bornes - A similar game to Touring
  • Wings: The Air Mail Game - Another "flying" game like Lindy, but card deck split into two parts with different colors.

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More Information Edit | History

Origins
The game inventor was William Janson Roche who applied for a patent on August 14, 1906 for the game. Patent number 836,537 was granted on Nov 20, 1906. Roche assigned 1/2 of his rights to Edward F. Bittner in the patent. Bittner was probably the lawyer doing the patent work for Roche. Roche then had the wording "Touring" trademarked for the card game (No. 62,595 in 1907), and copyrighted the rules (6441 in 1906). From the patent office records there is a picture of a sample box for the game which uses the stylized version of the word "Touring" for which the trademark was applied. The picture of the box shows that the "Touring Card Company" was selling the game before the patent was granted.

Newspaper advertizements for Touring were run by the Touring Card Company at least twice in The Oil City Derrick (newspaper from Oil City, Venango County, Pennsylvania). The advertisement was in the editions for Jan. 19, 1909, page 5, and February 9, 1909 page 6. So the Touring Card Company was "real" and was selling Touring before the Wallie Dorr Company.

The Wallie Dorr Company evidently licensed rights to the game about 1914 when advertisements placed by Wallie Dorr for Touring first appeared. There is an affidavit (dated Nov 10, 1926) from George S. Parker taken for a renewal for Touring trademark to the US Trademark office. Mr. Parker states that the Wallie Dorr Company bought the game from Roche on Nov 1, 1915. It does not seem that the Wallie Dorr Company was a printer. They mainly seemed to be a manufacturer of billiards tables, and other such games. So it seems likely that Dorr had to job shop printing the game. Dorr's motivation would seem to have been to sell large numbers of cheaper games in which they could include advertising for their pool tables. Targeted marking circa 1910!

George S. Parker's affidavit also states that Parker bought game on Oct 30, 1924 from Wallie Dorr Company. So it would seem that the Parker Brothers version of the Dorr artwork was used in a game version sold for the 1924 Christmas season. By the 1925 Christmas season Parker Brothers was advertising its restyled game with the increased mileage cards.

Card deck/Box combination

Touring Card Company
The Touring Card Company had at least one box version which included the phrase "Patent Applied For." Roche was probably operating on a shoestring, so he may not have converted the phrase to "Patented" thus making another version of the box. No cards or rules are known for the Touring Card Company version of the game. Presumably the card faces would be the ones which were depicted in the patent application.

Wallie Dorr Company
There are 3 known versions of the boxes for the Touring game produced by Wallie Dorr. In all cases the cards, and card counts, are the same. There are two rules versions which are identical except that one notes the game is 50 cents and the other has 75 cents.
Parker Brothers
There are 19 known box top variations of the Touring game produced by, or in association with, Parker Brothers. There are additional variations in the rules, and the back of the cards.

NOTE: There seem to be many "hybrid" versions of the game on eBay. So the box seems to be from one printing and the rules/cards from another. The "1937" version and the "1947" version seem particularly prone to being "swapped." Some other "hybrid versions" are obviously wrong. A 1926 box and card set was being sold on eBay with the rules for the 1965 game! Obviously if the cards and rules don't match, then something is wrong. But it is possible that some of these "hybrid" versions are in fact real variations that Parker Brothers sold.

The theory for the four major Parker Brother changes in the 1924-1926 packaging is as follows:

(1) After purchasing Touring from Wallie Dorr Company on Oct 30, 1924, PB was in a rush to get the game on shelves for the Christmas season. So PB reused most of the Wallie Dorr printing plates. The only change to the box top was the name change, in black ink, from Wallie Dorr to Parker Brothers. PB also reused Wallie Dorr rules except the company information at end of rules was changed to Parker Brothers.

(2) By the next year for the 1925-26 Christmas season Parker brothers had the new Model T version ready. This was the PB 100 card version with a red geometric back with a Model T.

(3) About 1928 PB changed game so that there were 99 playing cards in the deck. Guessing that the equipment to make cards decks was better suited to 100 cards in deck and one card would be used for advertising.

(4) About 1928 the country lane scene, in a blue-gray and a rose color, was adapted for the card back in order to to produce a more "genteel version" with a parlor look. Thus the cards wouldn't look so much like the "standard" 52 deck of cards used for gambling which have a busy geometric designs. Parker seems to have first used the Wallie Dorr box art with a slightly bigger box for the different card size. Then Parker seems to have issued the country lane backed cards in their redesigned artwork.

Rules versions

The exact rules for the Touring card company version are unknown, but the patent cites a set of rules.

Wallie Dorr had at least two rules versions. The rules seem to be the same. The earlier version just noted that the game was 50 cents and the later version has a price of 75 cents. The 75 cent version was in the red box without a price and the colorful street scene version.

Parker Bothers had the following sets of rules:

The following are rules versions which have a latest date of 1926 for the copyright and all are known with the 1925 red back card art. The blue and pink country lane cards seem to only have been issued as 99 card sets.

ID
Number
of Cards
Image
Header (1)
Card
Count (2a, 2b)
Improved
Game Section (3)
Parker Bros
Epilogue (4)
Other Information (5)
1926-A
100
No
Yes, (2a)
No
No
100 cards (last page, last rules paragraph).
Only version with patent number, no (c) date.
1926-B
100
No
Yes, (2a)
Yes, page 3
No
First with (c) 1926.
Has card count on page 4 of rules.
1926-C
Unspecified
Yes
None
Yes
Yes
No card count anywhere in rules
1926-D
99
Yes
Yes, (2b)
Yes
Yes

1926-E
99
Yes
Yes, (2b)
Yes
No
Not sure of sequence for this version.
1926-F
99
No
Yes, (2b)
Yes
No
For British versions. (C) Line contains London.
Assuming both British versions the same.

NOTE: A-D are almost certainly in chronological sequence, but not sure where E should be. I'm guessing it was the last version of the 1926 rules.

(1) Image header - Shows two couples playing touring at top of first page of rules sheet
(2a) Card Count, page 4 - " A Touring deck is composed of 100 cards as follows:"
(2b) Card Count, page 1 - "The game consists of 99 cards as follows:"
(3) Improved Game Section - Top of page 4 when this section there.
(4) Parker Bros Epilogue - Paragraph telling customers that they can mail questions about game to Parker Brothers.

Card Counts for 1926 Versions

Card
100 Card Deck
99 Card Deck
Go
15
15
Hauled In
8
8
Gasoline
8
8
Country
5
5
City Limits
4
4
Out Of Gasoline
3
3
Collision
3
3
Puncture
2
2
1 mile
20
19
3 Mile
10
10
15 Mile
10
10
30 Mile
12
12

Rule Versions after 1926.

Mileage Revisions Over Years

Version
Low Miles
#2
#3
High Miles
Miles for game
Roche Design
1
3
5
10
50
1926 First
Parker Design
1
3
15
30
110
1947 Parker
5
15
25
45
240
1958 Parker
25
35
50
75
590

In all versions of the game you need 16 mileage cards to win. From lowest to highest the required card counts are 8, 4, 2 AND 2.

12 to 14 Card types

Starting with the 1957 Collett-Sproule Boxes, Limited version, the Parker Brothers card decks went from 12 to 14 card types.

Versions
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Touring
Nick: 
Winning Moves edition 2014
Publisher: Winning Moves
Artist: 
Year: 2014
Product Code: 1186
Size: 5.00 x 3.75 x 1.00 inches
English
Release Date:  
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Road Trip
Nick: 
University Games first edition 2008
Publisher: University Games
Artist: 
Year: 2008
Size:  
English
Release Date:  
View
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Link Image
Road Trip
Nick: 
University Games licensed to Eddie Bauer
Publisher: University Games
Artist: 
Year: 2004
Size: 5.50 x 4.00 x 1.50 inches
English
Release Date:  
View
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Touring
Nick: 
Parker Brothers Model T cover edition
Publisher: Parker Brothers
Artist: 
Year: 1965
Product Code: 732
Size: 6.75 x 6.38 x 1.00 inches
English
Release Date:  
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Touring
Nick: 
Parker Brothers Torquoise Edition 1958
Publisher: Parker Brothers
Artist: 
Year: 1958
Size: 7.25 x 4.00 x 1.00 inches
English
Release Date:  
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Pg. 1 of 1
0 Wallie Dorr rules for Touring with 75 cents price
These rules would have been used with the red box edition that has no price, and the colorful street scene edition. Duplexing on short side gives nice two side copy. After folding the right side will be about 1/8 inch to wide and bottom will be about 3/4 to wide. The only difference in the other set of Wallie Dorr rules is the game price on the last page. The other ruleset has a price of "50 cents" instead of "75 Cents".
English
2015-02-23
0 Patent Office File on "Touring" Trademark
There is an affidavit (dated Nov 10, 1926) from George S. Parker taken for a renewal for Touring submitted to the US Trademark office. * On page 36 of pdf Parker states that Wallie Dorr bought the trademark (presumably the whole game) from Roche on Nov 1, 1915. * On page 37 of pdf Parker states that Parker Brothers bought the Touring trademark ((presumably the whole game) on Oct 30, 1924 from Wallie Dorr Company. On page 58 Roche's initial application for a trademark states that he starting using the trademark on August 14, 1906.
English
2012-08-29
2 US Patent 836537 Issued Nov 20, 1906 for game Touring
The Touring game was issued a patent issued on Nov 20, 1906. The game inventor was William Janson Roche who assigned 1/2 of his rights to Edward F. Bittner who presumably was a lawyer.
English
2012-07-31
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Board Game Rank: 10106
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Average Rating: 5.22
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