Hanafuda cards originated in beginning of 18th-century Japan.
Legend says stewards of Edo Shogunate created it from Portuguese playing cards.
A deck consists of forty-eight cards divided into twelve suits of four cards each. Each suit represents one of the twelve months of the year or individual plants (almost flowers).
The cards are small (about 1 x 2 inches), made from stiff cardboard, and are beautifully illustrated.
Many different games can be played with a Hanafuda deck.
Old days, the standard game was called Hachi-Hachi (means Eighty-eight). Although it bears some resemblance to the Western game Casino, Hachi-Hachi is a much more complicated and subtle game.
Nowadays, the standard game is Koi-Koi.
- Go Stop, the game using Hwatu (화투, 花闘), Korean Hanafuda.