| Sébastien Truchet (1657 - February 5, 1729) was an eclectic Dominican Father born in Lyon and lived in Louis XIV times. He is known for being active in areas such as mathematics, hydraulics, graphics, typography, and for many inventions.
As typographer he studied for the Description des Métiers the proportions of typefaces of "Roman Du Roi" character (also known as Grandjean character), from which descends directly the "Times New Roman" and which inspired Pierre Simon Fournier, the Didot and Giovanni Battista Bodoni. It was the first scientific work on typefaces, and on this work is based the concept of typographic point (whose first definition is due to French typographer Pierre Simon Fournier in year 1737). As hydraulics expert he designed most of French channels. As inventor he is known for sundials, weapons and tools for transplanting large trees within the Versailles gardens. As mathematician and designer he worked on plane coverage using tileable elements.
The are numerous Games Inspired by Truchet Tiles.
Source: Wikipedia, "Sebastien Truchet", available under the CC-BY-SA License.