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Microbadge - Fridtjof Nansen

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Niels B.
Germany
Berlin
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Name Fridtjof Nansen
Mouseover Fridtjof Nansen - Explorer, Scientist, Humanitarian
Group Science Fridtjof Nansen
Num Owners 6
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Description

Fridtjof Wedel-Jarlsberg Nansen (10 October 1861 – 13 May 1930) was a Norwegian explorer, scientist, diplomat, humanitarian and Nobel Peace Prize laureate. In his youth a champion skier and ice skater, he led the team that made the first crossing of the Greenland interior in 1888, and won international fame after reaching a record northern latitude of 86°14′ during his North Pole expedition of 1893–96. Although he retired from exploration after his return to Norway, his techniques of polar travel and his innovations in equipment and clothing influenced a generation of subsequent Arctic and Antarctic expeditions.

Nansen studied zoology at the Royal Frederick University, and later worked as a curator at the Bergen Museum where his research on the central nervous system of lower marine creatures earned him a doctorate and helped establish modern theories of neurology. After 1896 his main scientific interest switched to oceanography; in the course of his researches he made many scientific cruises, mainly in the North Atlantic, and contributed to the development of modern oceanographic equipment. As one of his country's leading citizens, in 1905 Nansen spoke out for the ending of Norway's union with Sweden, and was instrumental in persuading Prince Charles of Denmark to accept the throne of the newly independent Norway. Between 1906 and 1908 he served as the Norwegian representative in London, where he helped negotiate the Integrity Treaty that guaranteed Norway's independent status.

In the final decade of his life Nansen devoted himself primarily to the League of Nations, following his appointment in 1921 as the League's High Commissioner for Refugees. In 1922 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his work on behalf of the displaced victims of the First World War and related conflicts. Among the initiatives he introduced was the "Nansen passport" for stateless persons, a certificate recognised by more than 50 countries. He worked on behalf of refugees until his sudden death in 1930, after which the League established the Nansen International Office for Refugees to ensure that his work continued. This office received the Nobel Peace Prize for 1938. Nansen was honoured by many nations, and his name is commemorated in numerous geographical features, particularly in the polar regions.

Source: Wikipedia, "Fridtjof Nansen", available under the CC-BY-SA License.

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Fridtjof Nansen
("Fridtjof Nansen - Explorer, Scientist, Humanitarian")
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Jakub Kircun
United States
Woods Hole
Massachusetts
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Charles CORDIER
France
MONTIGNY SUR ARMANCON
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Niels Peter Q Marstrand
Denmark
Copenhagen Region
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Colour code: #031634. How I enjoy this colour!
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ESA, Concordia Research Station Antarctica. Earth's last frontier before space.
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Marià Pitarque

Catalunya
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Niels B.
Germany
Berlin
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Corruption, the most infallible symptom of constitutional liberty.
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"Prepare to move out, tanks first! Shoot on sight!"
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Sudo Dudaković
Bosnia and Herzegovina
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