Good questions. Please find replies below.
If a captain on the Path of Fame is the active player when a recognition token is reached on the Renegade domination side, is it treated as negative recognition?
Yes. That is the idea.
Is a token ever replaced so that it can be earnt a second time ie if the balance is swinging backwards and forwards ?(I assume it is awarded only once - the first time that position is reached)
No, it is not replaced. So you can only ever get the Recognition from each bonus 'slot' once.
The Renegade jackpot mission reward token has a Alliance recognition icon shown. I assume this should be red (for Notoriety) ?
Hmmmm.. Weird. That should certainly be Renegade Recognition.
Are the surface missions made available as a consequence of a reward tile only availble to the player that achieved the reward token or placed in the general area ?
All surface missions are always open to each and every player.