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Geeklist s for Liubo

Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Desmond Meraz
United States
Riverside
California
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Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Jonas Richter
Germany
Göttingen
Niedersachsen
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What is this overtext thing people are talking about?
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Chinese 14-sided die from ca. 300 BC
truncated octahedron
Found together with gaming pieces (possibly for the board game Liu Bo) in a heavily looted 2,300-year-old tomb near Qingzhou City in China.
http://www.livescience.com/52808-ancient-board-game-found-in...
http://archaeology.org/news/3883-151116-tomb-game-die


Chinese 18-sided dice
18-sided Chinese dice are mentioned and illustrated here: http://history.chess.free.fr/liubo.htm
Röllicke: Von "Winkelwegen", "Eulen" und "Fischziehern" - Liubo: ein altchinesisches Brettspiel für Geister und Menschen. In: Board Game Studies 2 (1999), pp. 24-41, PDF; PDF (full issue).

Röllicke mentions the following archaeological findings of dice:
Quote:
6. Provinz Hunan, Kreis Changsha, Mawangdui, Grab 3. Bestattung datiert 168 v. Chr. – 1 vollständiger Satz mit 1 achtzehnseitigen Würfel, ohne Stäbe. – Publ.: Wenwu 7 (1974), S. 45 f.; Illustration in Fu Juyou, Chen Songchang 1992; weitere Analyse von Xiong Zhuanxin 1979: S. 35-39.
10. Provinz Hubei, Kreis Jiangling, Fenghuangshan, Grab 8 und Grab 10. Bestattung datiert 168 v. Chr. – 1 vollständiger Satz mit 6 Stäben sowie 1 achtzehnseitigen Würfel. – Publ.: Wenwu 1974: S. 41-55, besonders S. 50 f.
11. Provinz Shandong, Linzi. Begleitbestattung zum Grab eines Königs von Qi. Westliche Han-Zeit. – 2 achtzehnseitige Würfel. Bronze. Ausgehöhlter Kern mit Silber eingelegt. Im Inneren rollt beim Würfeln ein klingelndes Bronzekügelchen. Abb. bei Sun Ji 1991: S. 395.


One of them was found at Mawangdui (Hunan) in what archaeologists refer to as grave no. 3, alongside what appears to be a complete set of Liubo (also called "bo chess" sometimes). It is from the Western Han (206 BC-25 AD) period, the grave is dated 168 BC. This die is made of lacquered wood and shows the numbers 1-16 and on two opposite faces has the words jiao and qi-wei (“骄” and“妻畏”) respectively. They indicate a favorable and an unfavorable move. (Source: Hunan Provincial Museum)


The other two findings mentioned by Röllicke come from Fenghuanshan, Jiangling, Hubei province (1 die); and Linzi, Shandong (two dice, made from bronze, hollow with something inside to create a jingling noise).

Quote:
Dices used in Liubo game were also unearthed without accompanying boards, such as a tetradecahedron stone dice found in the mausoleum yard of Qin Shihuang at Lintong, Shaanxi and an octadecahedron bronze dice found in attendant pit of Prince Qi of the Western Han Dynasty
at Linzi, Shandong (Figure 13).
(Bai Yunxiang: Archaeological Discoveries and Qin-Han Period Sports and Games, in: Chinese Archaeology 9 (2009), pp. 47-54, quote from p. 51. PDF)


Quote:
A liubo set has been excavated from Fenghuanshan (Jiangling, Hubei, c. 179-141), along with six counting rods and an eighteen-sided die marked with numbers. (Lisa Raphals: Divination and Prediction in Early China and Ancient Greece, 2013, Cambridge Univ. Press, p.45) Google Books


Based on the images available to me, these 18-sided dice can be described as rhombicuboctahedra on which the 18 squares are presented as circular faces, and the eight triangular faces are rounded so that the die cannot come to rest on them.

The Babelstone blog started a series of Liubo articles in 2009 which have not been completed yet. An appendix about 18-sided dice had been announced, too.
 
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Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Taylor Liss
United States
Quincy
Massachusetts
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c. 1500 BC

From here:

Quote:
c. 1500 BC - Liubo carved on slab of blue stone. Also painting of board game of Knossos.
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GeekList: The Games of China
Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Taylor Liss
United States
Quincy
Massachusetts
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Chinese: 六博
Pinyin: liùbó
English: Six to Win
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Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Taylor Liss
United States
Quincy
Massachusetts
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Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Bruno D
United States
New York
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Area Movement

Chiefly for war games, movement traverses irregular areas rather than a grid.

700BC ~ 400BC Liubo
30 Lucky Sixes
1400 Fox and Geese (oldest ranked)

1959 Risk (most played)
2004 War of the Ring (first edition) (highest ranked)
 
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Board Game: Liubo [Average Rating:0.00 Unranked]
Moshe Callen
Israel
Jerusalem
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ἄνδρα μοι ἔννεπε, μοῦσα, πολύτροπον, ὃς μάλα πολλὰ/ πλάγχθη, ἐπεὶ Τροίης ἱερὸν πτολίεθρον ἔπερσεν./...
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μῆνιν ἄειδε θεὰ Πηληϊάδεω Ἀχιλῆος/ οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί᾽ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε᾽ ἔθηκε,/...
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c.1500 B.C.E. from China

This is one where we know what the game IS but we're not sure entirely how it was played.

See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Liubo.
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