Leopards are large felines with relatively short legs and a long body with a large skull. It has a wide range in some parts of sub-Saharan Africa, West Asia, the Middle East, South and Southeast Asia to Siberia. Its fur is marked with rosettes similar to those of the jaguar, but the leopard's rosettes are smaller and more densely packed and do not usually have central spots as the jaguars do.
Jaguars are the third-largest feline after the tiger and the lion and the only Panthera species found in the Americas. It most closely resembles the leopard physically, although it is usually larger and of sturdier build and its behavioral and habitat characteristics are closer to those of the tiger. While dense rainforest is its preferred habitat, the jaguar will range across a variety of forested and open terrains.
Both leopards and jaguars that are melanistic are known as black panthers. Hybrids between cougars and leopards, called pumapards, have been bred in captivity. Most never reach adulthood.